Died at : Age 18
اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ ۖ الْمِصْبَاحُ فِي زُجَاجَةٍ
“Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth; a likeness of His light is as a niche in which is a lamp, the lamp is in a glass ....” (24 : 35)
Ibn al Maghazli al Shafi'i has related that the niche means Hazrat Fatima (sa), the lamp means Hasan (as) and Hussain (as) .....
وَآتِ ذَا الْقُرْبَىٰ حَقَّهُ
“Give the kinsman his due ....” (17 : 26)
Commentators have written that when this verse was revealed the Holy Prophet (saw) asked the Angel Gabriel : Who are the kinsmen and what is their due ? The Angel replied : Give Fidak to Fatima for it is her due, and whatever is due to Allah and the Prophet out of Fadak, that also belongs to her, so entrust it to her also. Thereupon the Holy Prophet called Fatima (sa) and wrote the deed of gift, giving Fadak to her.
Tafseer Durre Mansoor (Volume 4 page 177)
It is Allah's wish to remove all blemish from you, O Ahl al Bayt, and purify you with a perfect purification. (33 : 33)
Al Tirmizi, Ibn Manthoor, Al Hakim, Ibn Mardawaih and Al Bayhaqi in his Sunan, all recorded the report of Umme Salemah, wife of the Prophet (saw) in which she said :
In my own house the Quranic verse : Certainly God wants to keep away all abominations from you .... Ali Fatima, Al Hassan and Al Hussein were at my house. The messenger of God covered them with a garment and then said : These are the members of my House. God keep away abomination from them and make them pure and spotless.
Sahih al Tirmizi, Volume 5 page 328 Hadith no. 3875
And whoever disputes with thee concerning him after the inspired knowledge which has been given unto thee, tell him :
فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءَنَا وَأَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَنِسَاءَنَا وَنِسَاءَكُمْ وَأَنْفُسَنَا وَأَنْفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَلْ لَعْنَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْكَاذِبِينَ
“Come, let us call our sons and your sons; our women and your women; and ourselves and yourselves; then let us pray and invoke Allah's curse upon those who lie......” (3 : 61)
When the above verse came down (at the time of debate between the Messenger and the Christians from Najran), the Messenger of God called upon Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Hussein and said : God, these are the members of my family.
Sahih Muslim Volume 15 page 176
Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of the Messenger of Allah !
Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of the possessor of outstanding merit
above all Prophets and messengers and angels !
Peace be upon you, Oh Leader of the Women of the Worlds.
Peace be upon you, Oh Wife of the Vicegerent of Allah !
Peace be upon you, Oh mother of Hasan and Hussein, the Leaders of the
Youth of Paradise !
Peace be upon you, Oh most truthful and martyr.
Peace be upon you, who was pleased to resign to the will of Allah and Allah
was pleased with you.
Peace be upon you, Oh possessor of outstanding merit of above others,
and the pure.
Peace be upon you, who is holy and guarded herself against sins !
Peace be upon you, who is knowledgeable and an authority on traditions of the Prophet.
Peace be upon you, who was subjected to anger and oppression.
Peace be upon you, Oh Fatima, daughter of the Messenger of Allah, and May Allah have mercy on you and bless you.
Imam Al Hassan Ibn Ali Al Askari reported that his father quoted Jabir Ibn Abdullah as saying : ' The Messenger of Allah, Peace be Upon him and his cleansed progeny, said : ' When Allah created Adam and Eve, they strutted through paradise and said : ' Who are better than we ? ' At that moment they noticed an image of a girl like they had never seen before; from this girl came an illuminating light so bright that it almost blinded the eyes.
They said : ' O Lord, what is this ? '
He answered : ' This is the Image of Fatima (sa), the mistress of your women descendants. '
Lisan Al Mizan Volume 3 page 346
Ibn Abbas said : ' Aisha entered the house while the Messenger of Allah (S) was kissing Fatima (sa), so she said : ' Do you love her, O Messenger of Allah ? '
He replied : ' Indeed, by Allah if you knew the extent of my love for her, your love would increase for her. When I was in the forth heaven ... that I found these dates softer than butter, more pleasant than musk and sweeter than honey. So when I descended to earth, I came unto Khadija and she bore Fatima. Thus Fatima is a human huri, whenever I long for paradise I smell her.
Tareekhe Baghdad Volume 5 page 87 (Al Khateeb Al Baghdadi)
Mizan Al Itidal page 63 (Muhammad Ibn Ahmed Al Demashqain)
Al Mizan Volume 5 page 160 (Asqalani)
Dhakhear al Uqbi page 43 (Tabari)
Courtesy : https://www.al-islam.org/articles/hazrat-fatima-az-zahra-sa
What Tragedies Befell the Daughter of Rasool-e-Khuda [SAWW].