29 Sep 2012
11th Zeeqad : Birth Anniversary of Imam Ali Ibne Moosa Al-Ridhaa.
Shaheed Foundation Pakistan (Regd) extends its heartiest greetings and felicitations to Masoomeen (A.S), Imam-e-Zamana (a.t.f.s) , Rahber-e-Moazzam Syed Ali Khamenei and all momineen o mominaat on the auspicious occassion of the birth anniversary of the eighth Imam Hazrat Ali Ibn-e-Moosa Al-Ridhaa.(AS) .
May Allaah give us all courage and stregth to follow in the footsteps of Maula Imam Ali Raza and sacrifice our lives and all our belongings for keeping the noble cause of Masoomeen alive and propagating .
Titles like Saber,
Zakki, Vali, Fazel, Vafi, Seddigh, Razi, Serajo`llah, Nouro`l-Hoda,
Ghorrato`l-Eino`l-Mo`menin, Kelidato`l-Mohedin, Kafo`l-Malek,
Kafia`l-Khalgh, Rabbo`ssarir, and Ra`abo`l-Tadbir are presented by the
history to no one other than our beloved 8th Imam,Imam Raza A.S. His
nickname is Abo`l Hasan.
Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Reza (A.S.), the eighth Shi`ite Holy Imam was
born on 11th Zee al-Qa`adah 148 A.H. in the holy city of Madina. He was
divinely entitled "Al-Raza"(meaning that Allah Almighty and His Holy
Messenger (S.A.W.) were deeply pleased with him).
His father was the 7th Imam, Imam Musa Kazim A.S and mother Lady
Najma. Imam spent 25 years of his sacred life with his father. He took
the responsibility of the leadership of the nation for 20 years. This
time period was the same when the cruel Abbasi Caliph Haroon ur Rashid
ruled. He was the one who killed Imam Raza`s A.S. father, Imam Musa
Kazim A.S. Then came the tyrant regime of Haroon`s son Mamoon, another
cruel caliph. Mamoon had conflict with his brother Amin. Mamoon had a
Persian mother while Amin had Arabian. Mamoon was granted the territory
of Merv while Amin inherited Baghdad territory. Mamoon knew that
Persians respected Imam A.S. and wanted to win Persians happiness. Hence
he plotted a conspiracy against Imam A.S.
Mamoon sent two representatives of his to Madina with a message for
Imam Raza A.S. He invited Imam A.S. to Khurasan. Imam A.S. refused the
clever request of Mamoon. However, Imam A.S. decided to go to Khurasan
when Mamoon started threating severely. Imam A.S. started the unwilling
journey to Khurasan. It was difficult decision to leave Madina. Imam had
to bid farewell to dearest grave of his grandfather Rasool Allah Hazrat
Muahmmad (S.A.A.W). He had to bid farewell to his lovers in Madina.
Imam A.S left Madina as an orphan. He knew well the plans of Mamoon but
this was his unwanted journey.
Imam once said:
"set me free! I will leave my ancestor`s vicinity ((Mohammad S.A.A.W)) and I will die in a strange land".
Imam A.S reached Khurasan and was greeted by Mamoon. Now Mamoon wanted
to play a political game. He would offer Imam A.S the Caliphate. There
were two possibilities, both in favour of Mamoon. If Imam A.S accepted
the offer, Mamoon would make himself the Crown Prince. If Imam A.S
refused, he would forecibly nominate Imam A.S as his Crown-Prince. He
would control the shia rebillions in both possibilities. Mamoon called a
meeting of state dignitaries and offered Caliphate to Imam Raza A.S.
"all behold! I know nobody better and more deserved than Ali-ebne-Mous`a`Reza (AS) in Ali`s and Abbas` dynasty for caliphate".
Imam Reza (AS) said to Ma`moun:
"If God has donated caliphate to you, it`s not permissible giving it
to another person, and if caliphate is not yours, it is not under your
authority to vest it to the others!"
Mamoon offered then the designation of Crown-Prince to Imam A.S.Imam
A.S refused strongly. The process of offering and refusal prolonged for
two months. At last Mamoon threatened Imam A.S to die.
Imam Reza (A.S) said:
" Now, I have to accept, provided that I would appoint or dismiss
nobody and also I would not change a custom as well as breaking a
tradition and I would watch the caliphate`s affairs from the distance.
Mamoon than declared to engage his daughter Umm e Habib with Imam
A.S. About accepting the state of crown-prince from Imam (A.S), it is
very necessary to notice this issue that Imam Reza (AS) had to save his
life to stand against Ma`moun`s hypocritical government and ruin his
Imam A.S by his great personality and deeds impressed every cleric of
different schools of thought. They confessed: " We swear to God that
Imam Raza A.S is more deserved than Ma`moun for caliphate." Mamoon could
not digest the Imam`s popularity. So he organized a ceremony and
infected Imam (A.S) with a lethal poison there. Imam`s (A.S) followers
transferred his sacred body to Mashad where his tomb was made. Our
beloved Imam (A.S) left his followers on 17th of Safar 203 hijri , according to one tradition .