Momineen are requested to remember the beloved Martyrs in your prayers tonight ,pray to Allah to increase their ranks in the exalted company of Mohammad wa Aal-e-Mohammad[SAWW].
Request for prayers for Khanwadgan-e-Shohada as well as everyone contributing to the noble cause of Martyrs and Islam.
Night of Qadr
By: Ayatullah Shaheed Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim
has defined certain laws and duties to be performed as religious rituals on
specified days and nights. For all Muslims, the first of Shawwal (â€˜Id al-Fitr),
the tenth of Dhuâ€™l-Hijjah (â€˜Id al-Adhha), and Fridays are known to be days of
performing certain Islamic rituals. On the first two days, considered the most
celebrated feast days in Islam, a prayer similar to the congregational Friday
Prayer is offered, but with a slight difference.
The ritual sermon is delivered after completing the prayer, while the sermon of
the Friday Prayer is delivered prior to the performance of the prayer. The
other difference is that the Friday Prayer is offered after midday, while the
â€˜Â«d Prayer is offered during the early hours of the day.
On the two days of â€˜Id, it is obligatory to give alms under a certain title. On
â€˜Id al-Fitr, a poor-rate called zakat al-fitrah (fast-breaking rate) must be
paid, and on â€˜Id al-Adhha, an offering must be made by a pilgrim who is
performing the obligatory Hajj. Furthermore, it is highly recommended to give
voluntary alms on these days, especially in the form of slaughtering an animal
as an offering by those other than pilgrims performing the Hajj. Other rituals
and acts of worship, such as certain supplications and exchanging visits among
brethren-in-faith and relatives, are also highly advised and customarily
carried out by Muslims.
On Fridays, it is obligatory to hold the well-known Friday Prayer, of which an
indication has been made in the Holy Qur'an,1 which is sometimes binding and at
other times optional according certain conditions mentioned by scholars in
their theses of practical laws (Risalah).
Suspending all their usual daily activities, Muslims dedicate the days of â€˜Â«d
to acts of worship and righteous deeds.
The Night of Qadr is the most known amongst the nights
specified for performing specific rituals. It is the night that Almighty Allah
has bestowed with special honor and esteem, preferring it to one thousand
months. It is also the night on which He revealed the Holy Qur'an and specified
for decreeing the affairs of man and making clear every wise affair. He has
thus said: Begin with the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most
Merciful. Surely, We revealed it on the grand night. And what will make you
comprehend what the grand night is? The grand night is better than a thousand
months. The angels and the Spirit descend in it by the permission of their Lord
for every affair. Peace prevails until the break of dawn. (97:1-5)
He has also said: Surely, We revealed it on a blessed
night. Surely, We are ever warning. Therein, every wise affair is made
distinct, a command from Us. Surely, We are the senders of messengers. (44:3-5)
There is a consensus among Muslims on honoring this blessed night, which falls
in the month of Ramadhan as is understood from the Holy Qur'an, although there
is disagreement as to which night of Ramadhan it is.
The Ahl al-Baytâ€™s Method Concerning
the Rituals of Particular Days and Nights
In this discussion, I refer to the Islamic method preserved by the Ahl al-Bayt
(â€˜a) and provided to the Muslim community through their knowledge of the
religious code of lawâ€”one of their distinctive features.
The Night of Qadr
In terms of honor, significance, and standing, the Night of
Qadr is considered the most important night in the whole year, since Almighty
Allah has revealed an entire Surah (i.e. chapter of the Holy Qur'an) with
regard to it, introducing it as the night on which all wise affairs are made
clear. In addition, many traditions report the merit, distinction,
significance, and outcome of this night. Here are some examples in which the
Holy Imams (â€˜a) are reported to have said: On the Night of Qadr, the
angels keep on flapping their wings with peace and mercy from the time of the
sunset prayer (maghrib) up to the break of dawn.
On the Night of Qadr, no flaming asteroid is thrown until morning.
On the Night of Qadr, worship and righteous acts are more valuable than the
devotional acts of one thousand months.
Devotional acts on the Night of Qadr are equal (in reward) to preparing oneself
to struggle for the sake of Allah for one thousand months.2
In conclusion, the merits of the Night of Qadr as inferred from
the Holy Qur'an and Sunnah are:
1. The Night of Qadr is an opportunity and a bliss that Almighty Allah has
granted the individuals of this Muslim community so that they may express their
existence and embody their goals and aspirations by performing righteous acts,
showing repentance to Almighty Allah, and reverently imploring His Mercy. When
he chooses the most appropriate time for performing a deed, man can achieve
whatever he wishes to achieve and then give to his deeds great and expansive
aspects and values that should be more extensive than the defined term of manâ€™s
life in this world.
This fact is visible in some deeds performed under special
circumstances and regarded as the best time for doing them. For instance, the
Holy Prophet (S), describing the situation of Imam â€˜Ali (â€˜a) when he responded
to â€˜Amr ibn â€˜Abd-Wuddâ€™s mocking remarks against Islam and bravely fought and
killed him in the Battle of al-Khandaq (the ditch), is reported to have said:
The stroke of â€˜Ali on that day of the Battle of al-Khandaq is equal to the
total worship of both groups of creatures (men and jinn).
This was because of its value in that specific time and under those special
2. The Night of Qadr is the night on which decrees about the affairs of humans
are decided. In plain words, it is the night wherein all divine decisions for
the whole year are taken. Generally, divine decisions are made according to
universal (i.e. material) order and discipline and according to the divine
system that rules the sequence of causes and effects. At other times, divine
decisions are made according to divine commands that are beyond the limits of
the universal system. To this fact, the Holy Qur'an has referred in many
verses, such as the following: Our command is but as the twinkling of an eye.
His command, when He intends anything, is only to say to it, â€œBeâ€ and, it is.
The month of Ramadhan is a time for the faithful to ascend the ranks of
perfection by performing acts of devotion, and also a time to gain Divine
decisions that are compatible with Divine mercy.
The Date of the Night of Qadr
Although traditions reported from the Holy Prophet (S) and the
Ahl al-Bayt (â€˜a) agree that the Night falls in the month of Ramadhan, they
disagree about its precise date. Some traditions hold that such disagreement,
or concealment, has been done on purpose, and it is aimed at making the
righteous people practice as many righteous deeds, supplications, whispered
prayers, and implorations to Him as possible. In this respect, one of the
Infallibles (â€˜a), when asked which night was the Night of Power (the
twenty-first or the twenty-third of Ramadhan), he did not identify it but said:
So easy it is to act on two nights in order to win oneâ€™s desire.
What will harm you if you act righteously on two nights?
The nineteenth, twenty-first, and twenty-third nights of Ramadhan are
familiarly known to be the Nights of Qadr. However, the last is the most
confirmed, according to the many traditions available. This night is also
called the Night of al-Juhani, one of the Muslims who lived in the outskirts of
Madinah. When al-Juhani asked the Holy Prophet (S) to identify for him a night
in which he should occupy himself exclusively in acts of worship, the Holy
Prophet (S) named the twenty-third night of Ramadhan. Using this as proof,
traditions mention more acts of worship to be practiced on this night than any
Devotional Acts on the Night of Qadr
Consistent with the nature of the Night of Qadr, the devotional acts dedicated
to this night are mostly common to the three nights. The acts are divided into
two categories: common (to the three nights) and particular (to each night).
Traditions urge that the following acts be practiced on all
three nights, one of which is expected to be the Night of Qadr:
â€¢ Offer a two-unit
prayer imploring divine forgiveness
â€¢ Utter the
supplication of release from Hellfire and granting of all requests in the name
of the Holy Qur'an
â€¢ Utter the
supplication of granting requests in the name of the Holy Qur'an and the
faithful believers and then beseech in the names of Almighty Allah and the
Fourteen Infallibles (â€˜a)
ziyarah of Imam al-Husayn (â€˜a)
â€¢ Spend the
whole night in acts of worship
â€¢ Offer one
hundred units of prayer, utter as many appeals for divine forgiveness as possible,
and supplicate for worldly and religious desires for oneself and oneâ€™s parents,
relatives, friends, and other believers, both alive and dead
â€¢ Utter as
many invocations of blessings upon the Holy Prophet and his Household (S) as
â€¢ Utter litanies
of praise, thankfulness, glorification, and exaltation, exclaim God to be the
Most Great, and profess Him as the One and Only God: Specific supplications
have been mentioned for these nights. In this respect, Shaykh al-Kafâ€™ami
reports Imam Zayn al-â€™Abidin (â€˜a) prayed using the supplication that begins
with the following statement: O Allah: surely, I am on this evening Your
passive slave; I have no control over harm or benefit to myselfâ€¦
Reading the famous Duâ€™a' al-Jawshan al-Kabir and Duâ€™a' al-Jawshan al-Saghir
supplications are also reported to be recommended on these nights since these
two supplications comprise verses expressing glorification of Almighty Allah as
well as proclamations of His greatness and declarations that He is the One and
Only God. These supplications can fill the whole night and thus fulfill the
recommended act of spending the whole night in devotional acts.
more religious knowledgeâ€”concerning religious laws, ethics, and conceptsâ€”is
regarded, in the words of Shaykh al-Saduq, as the best act one may perform on
Besides these, there are certain acts dedicated to each of these three nights.
Imploring divine forgiveness (istighfar) one hundred times and repeatedly
invoking His curse on the slayers of Imam â€˜Ali (â€˜a) are two acts that are
identified to be performed exclusively on the nineteenth night. This is because
on this night, Imam â€˜Ali (â€˜a) was fatally wounded by the poisoned sword of â€˜Abd
al-Rahman ibn Muljam, the accursed Kharijite.
There are also two other supplications generally repeated on
every night of Ramadhan, and on this night exclusively. The first supplication
begins with this statement: O Allah: at the time of making decisions
that are inevitableâ€¦
The second begins with the following statement: O He Who
has always been there before all thingsâ€¦
Being more probably the Nights of Power, the twenty-first and twenty-third
nights of Ramadhan are marked by additional devotional acts. On the
twenty-first night, the acts and supplications of the last ten nights of
Ramadhan, distinguished by devotional acts, also begin. On these nights, the
Holy Prophet (S) used to fold his bed and ready himself for worship. He
furthermore used to confine himself to the mosque where a tent made of camel
hair was set up for him.
Traditions have also laid emphasis on spending the twenty-first night of
Ramadhan with prayers, supplications, invocations of blessings upon the Holy
Prophet and his Household (S), and cursing their enemies and oppressors. On
this night, Imam â€˜Ali (â€˜a) departed life as a martyr; it is therefore advised
to read his ziyarah.5
The most probable Night of Qadr, the twenty-third night of Ramadhan has other
special acts, including recitations from the Holy Qur'an, especially certain
surahs such as al-â€™Ankabut, al-Rum, and al-Dukhan, as well as repetition of
Surah al-Qadr one thousand times. It is also highly recommended to perform or
read the ziyarah of Imam al-Husayn (â€˜a) on this night.
The following supplication to hasten the relief of Imam
al-Mahdi (â€˜a) is highly recommended: O Allah, (say) â€œbeâ€ for Your
representative, al-Hujjah (the Proof), the son of Hasanâ€”Your blessings be on
him and on his forefathersâ€”now and for all time, as our Imam, guardian, leader,
helper, guide, and watcher such that You permit him to prevail on Your lands
extending his reign forever.
It is of course highly advisable to repeat this supplication at all times.
Some short supplications mentioned in reference books of supplications are also
recommended for this night.
Finally, it seems important to say that the days that follow the Nights of Qadr
enjoy special value and significance similar to the Nights of Qadr just as
Thursday nights (the eves of Friday) acquire special significance from Fridays.
This is maintained by validly reported traditions.6
1. - The Holy Qur'an reads: O you who believe, when the call is made for prayer
on Friday, then hasten to the remembrance of Allah and leave off trading. That
is better for you, if you knew. But when the prayer is ended, then disperse
abroad in the land and seek Allah's grace, and remember Allah much, that you
may be successful. (62:9-10)
2. - Refer to the exegesis of Surah al-Qadr (No. 97) in the following two
reference books of tafsir: al-Durr al-Manthur and Nur al-Thaqalayn.
3. - It is not inaccurate to say that these three nights are interrelated in
the sense that the first night is an introduction to the third, the second a
preparation for it, and the third the Night itself. Thus, the manner is
perfected on the night of the twenty-third of Ramadhan.
4. - Shaykh â€˜Abbas al-Qummi, Mafatih al-Jinan, pp. 225-226.
5. - Shaykh â€˜Abbas al-Qummi, Mafatih al-Jinan, pp. 227-234.
6. - Shaykh â€˜Abbas al-Qummi, Mafatih al-Jinan, pp. 236.