Our humble Salutations and Greetings to Imam-e-Zamana (atfs), Holy Masoomeen (Alaihimussalam), Marajeen-e-Ezaam, Ulema-e-Karam and Momineen-o-Mominaat on the blessed occassion of Birth Anniversary of our beloved eleventh Imam, Imam Hasan Askari (Alaihissalam).
Let us take 3 simple advices from him:-
-Anger is the key of every evil.
-Let not securing livelihood keep you away from an obligatory deed.
-Vices have been put in a house whose key is lying
Imam Abu Muhammad al-Hasan al-Askari (a.s.) was from the heart of the prophetic family, by which Allah had honoured the Arabs and Muslims. It was the holiest family that had undertaken the issues of truth and justice among all peoples of the earth. There is no lineage in this world like the noble lineage which Imam al-Askari (a.s.) belonged to.
He was the son of Imam al-Hadi bin Imam Muhammad al-Jawad bin Imam Ali ar-Redha bin Imam Musa al-Kadhim bin Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq bin Imam Muhammad al-Baqir bin Imam Ali Zayn-al-Aabidin (as-Sajjad) bin Imam al-Husayn bin Imam Ali bin Abu Talib (peace be on them). These were the infallible imams of the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) whom Allah had kept uncleanness away from and purified a thorough purifying, and whom the Prophet (a.s.) had made as the boat of rescue and safety for people.
His father was Imam Ali al-Hadi (a.s.), the tenth imam of the Shia faith. He was from the masters of the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) and the most knowledgeable, pious, and virtuous of all people at his time.
His mother was the best of women at her time in her chastity, purity, and piety. Historians say she was from the good knowing women.Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) praised her by saying, Saleel (her name) was purified from error, defect, and impurity.
She was a bondmaid from an-Nawbah. It did not harm her that she was a bondmaid, for man in the view of Islam is exalted by his guidance, piety, and propriety, and he is degraded by deviation from the right path.
Historians disagreed on her name. Some of them said her name was Saleel, which is the most valid assertion according to the previous tradition of Imam al-Hadi (a.s.). Some said she was called Sawsan. Others said her name was Hadithah,and others said Hareebah.
The birth of the newborn boy, Hassan Al-Askari who was the descendant of prophethood, and the remainder of the Imamate, made the world shine and Samara bloom. This great newborn was the continuity of the life of his infallible fathers who lit the intellectual life in the world of Islam. Delight and joy filled the hearts of the prophetic family for they knew that he would be the imam after his father, as Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) had told them.
Some historians said he was born in Medina, and some others said in Samarra. Historians also gave different dates for his birth.
After the birth of this blessed son, Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) recited the call to prayer in his right ear, and the Iqamah, the call to start prayer in his left ear. This was the first hymn that this blessed newborn boy met life with;Allah is great, there is no god but Allah
On the seventh day after birth, Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) cut the hair of his newborn child, and gave silver or gold as much as the weight of his son's hair to the poor as charity.
Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) named his blessed newborn child al-Hasan like the name of his great uncle, the master of the youth of Paradise. He surnamed him as Abu Muhammad, and Muhammad was the name of the awaited Imam al-Mahdi (a.s.), the great reformer and saviour of humanity, and the sought-after hope of the deprived and the disabled in the earth.
His epithets expressed his high and noble qualities. He was called:
1. Al-Khalis (the pure)
2. Al-Hadi (the guide)
3. Al-Askari (of the military);he was called so because the city (Samarra) he lived in which was a military camp.
4. Az-Zakiy (pure, chaste, righteous)
5. Al-Khass (peculiar),that Allah had distinguished him with virtues, and with responding to his supplications
6. As-Samit (silent),: he was silent and he spoke just wisdom, knowledge, and the mention of Allah
7. As-Sires (lamp),: that he was as a lamp lighting the way and guiding the deviant to righteousness
8. At-Taqiy (pious)
The following are some of the wonderful maxims transmitted from Imam Abu Muhammad al-Askari (a.s.). He said,
1. “If fate is inevitable, then for what purpose is supplication (of man to other than Allah)?”
2. “A believer is a blessing for a believer and an authority on an unbeliever.”
3. “The heart of a fool is in his mouth, and the mouth of a wise man is in his heart.”
4. “Anger is the key to every evil.”
5. “A spiteful one is the least comfortable.”
6. “The most pious of people is he who refrains before suspicion. The most worshipful of people is he who keeps on obligations. The most ascetic one is he who refrains from unlawful things. The best mujtahid is he who refrains from sins.”
7. “Let no secure livelihood make you too busy to perform an obligatory deed.’
8. “He, who exceeds in something, is like one who lacks that thing.”
9. “Whenever a mighty one gives up the truth, he becomes low, and whenever a low one keeps to it, he becomes mighty.”
10. “The friend of an ignorant is always tired.”
11. “There are two qualities such that there is no quality above them; faith in Allah and the serving of brothers.”
12. “The impertinence of a child in childhood before his father makes him undutiful in adulthood.”
13. “It is not from politeness to show joy before a distressed person.”
14. “Better than life is that, which if you lose, you shall hate life, and worse than death is that which if comes to you, you shall love death.”
15. “Taming an ignorant person and preventing a person with unchanging habits from those habits are as a miracle.”
16. “Humbleness is a blessing that is not envied.”
17. “Do not be generous to someone with what may be heavy on him.”
18. “He, who advises his brother secretly, does him good, and he, who advises him openly, does him wrong.”
19. “How bad from a faithful it is when he has a desire a thing that degrades him.”
20 “It is sufficient in order for you to be polite that you avoid what you hate in others.”
21. “Beware of every silent, intelligent one.”
22. “If all the people of this world were intelligent, the world would be ruined.”
23. “The weakest of enemies in cunning, is he who shows his enmity.”
24. “The best of your brothers is he who forgets your wrong against him, and remembers your kindness to him.”
25. “Good figure is apparent beauty, and good mind is hidden beauty.”
26. “He, who is friendly with Allah, feels aversion towards people.”
27. “He, who does not regard people, does not regard Allah.”
28. “Vices have been put in a house whose key is lying.”
29. “When hearts are active, put into them, and when they detest, bid them farewell.”
30. “Following after one from whom you hope is better than remaining with one from whose evil you do not feel safe.”
31. “Ignorance is an enemy and discernment is authority, and he, whom patience does not make suffer agonies of anger, shall not feel the ease of heart.”
32. “The gift of a generous one makes you beloved to him, and the gift of a mean one makes you low to him.”
33. “Whoever is such that piety is his habit, and virtues are his garments, shall be victorious over his enemies by his good praise, and shall be fortified against defects by his good mention.”
34. “He, who praises an undeserving one, becomes as an accused person.”
35. “No one knows (the reality of) a blessing except the grateful, and no one is grateful to a blessing except the knowing.”
36. “Staying up makes sleep more pleasant, and hunger makes food more delicious.”
37. “Reaching Allah the Almighty is a journey that is not achieved except by rising at night.”
38. “He, who does not know how to prevent, does not know how to give.”
39. He said to al-Mutawakkil, the Abbasid caliph, “Do not expect good will from one whom you have offended, or loyalty from one whom you have betrayed, or sincerity from one whom you have suspected, because the hearts of others towards you are like your heart towards them.”
40. “It is from ignorance to laugh with no reason.”
41. “The speech of Allah has preference over all speeches, just as He holds preference over His creation. And our speech has preference to the speech of people, just as our preference over them.”
42. “It is from humbleness to greet everyone you pass by, and to sit in other than the distinctive place in a meeting.”
43. “The worthiest people of (your) love are those who comfort you.”
44. “From the disasters that break one’s back is a neighbor who, if sees a good deed, conceals it, and if sees a bad deed, spreads it.”
45. “(In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful) is closer to the greatest Name of Allah than the iris of the eye to its white.”
46. “Do not dispute with others so that you lose your gravity, and do not joke so that it is dared against you.”
47. “Whoever is satisfied to sit in other than the distinctive place in a meeting, Allah and His angels send blessings on him until he leaves the meeting.”
48. “Polytheism in people is more inconspicuous than the creeping of ants on a black cloth in a dark night.”
49. “Hearts have ideas from fancy, while minds shake and get more knowledge out of experiments, and taking lessons leads to reasonability.”
50. “Predominant fates are not prevented by struggling (against them), and determined livelihoods are not gained by greediness and requesting… submit yourself to fates and know that you shall not get except what has been determined for you.”