October 16th, 2013 marks the 62nd martydom anniversary of Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan. He was born on October 1st, 1895 in a well-known family of Karnal, Haryana. His father, Rustam Ali Khan, possessed many honorary titles such as Ruken-ud-Daulah, Shamsher Jan, and was also the Nawab of the city of Karnal.
Liaquat Ali Khan graduated in 1918 with a B.Sc. in Political Science from Muhammedan Anglo-Oriental College of Aligarh (later renamed to its more popular name of Aligarh University). He got married in the same year, and went to Exeter College, United Kingdom to pursue higher education in Law. He subsequently graduated with a Master's degree in Law from Oxford University's Extere College in 1921. He was called to the bar at Inner Temple in 1922, before returning to India in 1923 to fulfull his lifelong ambition of serving his country.
On his return from England, Liaquat Ali Khan decided to enter politics with the aim of liberating India from British rule. Like many Muslim leaders at that time, he was a staunch proponent of Indian nationalism. However, with the passage of time, his views changed and he turned down an offer to join the Indian National Congress and instead, joined the All India Muslim League in 1923.
Liaquat Ali Khan began his parliamentary career as an independent candidate in the Uttar Pardesh legislative assembly in 1926. He rose to prominence as a rational, hard working, and a man of great integrity amongst Muslims. He was part of the Muslim League delegation that went to Calcutta in 1928 to discuss the Nehru Report.
In 1932, Liaquat Ali Khan was elected Deputy President of UP Legislative Council, and he held that office until 1940, when he was elected to the Central Legislative Assembly.
When Quaid-e-Azam returned from England to reorganize the Muslim League in 1936, Liaquat Ali Khan was appointed as it's Honrary General Secretary.
In 1940, he became the deputy leader of the Muslim League parliamentary party. While Quaid-e-Azam was busy with political work, it was Liaquat Ali Khan who represented the interests of the Muslims of India in the Constituent Assembly. He went on to become the Convenor of the Action committee of the Muslim League, Chairman of the Central Parliamentary Board, as well as the managing director of the newspaper Dawn.
In 1940, the Muslim League unanimously passed the historic resolution demanding the creation of a separate Muslim state in the sub-continent, Pakistan.
Liaquat Ali Khan attended the Shimla conference on behalf of the Muslims in 1945-46. During general elections in 1945-46, Liaquat Ali Khan won the Central Legislature election from the Meerat constituency in U.P. He was Quaid-e-Azam's right-hand man in the final stages of the Freedom movement, and he assisted the Quaid with negotations with members of the Cabinet mission and leaders of the Congress.
After the 1946 elections, as the interim government was formed, five leaders from the Muslim league were nominated for representation. Liaquat Ali Khan led that group in cabinet, and was given the ministry of Finance. The budget for 1947-48 which he presented was acclaimed throughout the country as a `Poor Man's Budget`. Throughout the Freedom Movement, Liaquat Ali Khan proved to be one of Quaid's most trusted lieutenants.
Liaquat Ali Khan had the distinct honor of being the first Prime Minister of the state of Pakistan. After the death of Quaid-e-Azam [RA], Liaquat Ali Khan moved to fill the void to provide leadership that was desperately needed by the country at tht time.
He was instrumental in preparing the Objectives Resolution, which would go on to become the foundation stone for several future constitutions of the country. Under his leadership, a team also drafted the first report of the Basic Principle Committee. His efforts in signing the Liaquat-Nehru pact in 1950 regarding the minority issue helped alleviate the tensions between India and Pakistan.
It was most unfortunate that he was not able to see his hard work bear fruit as his life was brought to an abrupt end when he was shot martyred at a rally in Rawalpindi and embraced Shahadat. Mystery shrouds as to who Martyred Liaquat Ali Khan and why . Although lots of startling revelations having come forth on the subject by various commentators which is a subject in itself.
For his services towards the cause of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan was awarded the title of Shaheed-e-Millat. Appropriately, he was buried in the courtyard of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah's tomb in Karachi.
Please recite a fateha for Shaheed-e-Millat Liaquat Ali Khan.