29 Aug 2013
Tenth Martyrdom Anniversary Shaheed Ayatollaah Baqir-ul-Hakeem.[RA]
Tenth anniversary of martyrdom of Ayatollah Baqir al Hakim is being observed with reverence today.
Ayatollah Syed Muhammad Baqir Al-Hakim was born in 1939 A.D,-1358 A.H. in the holy city of Najaf in Iraq, which embraces the biggest theological university for the Shi'ite Muslims in the world. He is the son of Grand Ayatollah imam Syed Muhsin Al-Hakim, who assumed the general religious leadership (marja'a taqlid) of Shi'ites all over the world for approximately twenty years.
On Friday, Aug 29th, 2003, Ayatollah Muhammad Baqir Al Hakim was assassinated tragically in Najaf immediately after Friday prayer on Imam Ali (AS) Holly Shrine, after almost three months and a half from his return to Iraq from his exile. He returned on May 10th, 2003. Martyr Al Hakim (Shaheed Al Mehrab) has granted his life to the future of Iraq and for the freedom, justice and independence of Iraq. Since then, his brother Sayyed Abdul Aziz Mohsen Mahdi Al Hakim has succeeded him as the leader of ISCI.
The Al-Hakim family is one of the oldest clerical families in Iraq. The family's ancestors settled in Iraq in the second Hijri century and spread out to other parts of the world. Syed Muhammad Baqir's household has been one of the most famous clerical households in modern day Iraq, particularly in the second half of the twentieth century. During the years of Syed Muhsin Al-Hakim's assumption of the position of marja'a taqlid, the family gained the respect and love of tens of millions of Shi'ites in Iraq and abroad.
Syed Al-Hakim got involved in politics at an early stage of his life, when he participated with other ulama, such as the Grand Ayatollah martyr Syed Muhammad Baqir Al-Sadr and Martyr Syed Muhammad Mahdi Al-Hakim, in planting the seeds of the current Islamic renaissance in Iraq.
In the late 1950s, Syed Al-Hakim and a group of other Islamic scholars, including his brother martyr Muhammad Mahdi, martyr Muhammad Baqir Al-Sader and Syed Murtaza Al-Askari, took part in founding the Iraqi Islamic organization which came to be known as "The Islamic Da'awah Party."
However, for objective reasons, Syed Al-Hakim decided to quit the formula of political party work in 1960, two years after the foundation of this party. But Syed Al-Hakim continued to maintain relations with the Islamic movement, providing its members with educational instruction, guidance and support during his father's religious leadership and during martyr Al-Sadr's leadership of the Islamic movement.
During the last years of his father's life, he apparently assumed responsibility for conducting the confrontation between the religious leadership and the regime of Iraqi president Ahmad Hassan Al-Bakr. He continued in this role until the death of Imam Al-Hakim in 1970.
He reviewed martyr Al-Sadr's two major and illustrious works, Our Philosophy and Our Economy, which gained Al-Sadr a reputation for being an Islamic intellectual and philosopher of the first order. Martyr Al-Sadr was so pleased with Syed Al-Hakim's work on reviewing these two books that he praised him in the introduction of Our Economy as "my arm for whose sake I would sacrifice my life" (adudi al-mufadda).