06 Jun 2013
In the Memory of Shohada-e-Saneha-e-Therhi [6th June 1963.]
50 years ago today ..........
inception, Millat e Jafria of Pakistan has been facing several difficulties in
which top of the list are targeted killing, bomb blasts. The first major
incident of Shia genocide that shocked Millat e Jafria occurred on 6th June
1963 on the sacred day of 'Yom-e-Aashura' at Thehri, located near Khairpur in
Sindh, when a takfiri group attacked momineens, in which 118 momineen attained
This was the first major
incident of Shia genocide in Pakistan exactly 50 years ago, and the process of
annihilation is still continue till today. The lack of prosecution culminated
in what we see today as the genocide of Shia Muslims in Pakistan with impunity,
as now reported by Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International.
Date & Time: 6
June 1963 at 14:00:00
No# Of Martyrs: 118
No# Of Injured Persons: 12
MASSACRE OF Theri (khairPur.
6th June on the sacred day of 'Yom-e-Aashura' during the regime
of Ayub Khan, around 118 Momineen laid their lives for the
sacred cause of the protection of Azadari.
TEHRI is located around 8 kilometer when we travel by road from
district Khairpur to Sukkur.
In 1963 the population of TEHRI was around 4 to 5 thousands, out of them 99
percent belonged to the 'Wahabi Sect' while their was only one house of
Shia named Mehdi Shah.There was also a very big Madrassa of Wahabies in the
locality. On 6th of June, a Majlis (religious gathering to commemorate the
tragedy of Karbala) was occurring in which around 15 to 20 Momineen were
A Jaloos(religious procession) was also scheduled after this
gathering, but during the gathering some miscreants attacked and severely
injured the audience.
The news of this incident was reported by Nawab Sultan Hussain
to the residents of Mohalla Luqman (a nearby thickly populated locality of
Shias) around 2 p.m. where a religious procession had already been taken out.
Momineen became very sentimental by this news and kept their
Alams (Sacred flags carried during the procession) and said 'Let the
procession of TEHRI be taken out first, we would have later'. In this
situation the uncle of Allama Irfan Haider Abidi (marhoom), Sibtain Hussain,
who was a renowned Zakir-e-Hussain (orator) came forward and said ' Today it's
a war between Hussainiat and Yazidism'. Hearing this the mob marched towards
TEHRI shouting slogans of 'Ya Ali'
The mob, which marched towards TEHRI, constituted of young
children of 8 years as well as persons of 55 years. They had to cross Khairpur
city to reach TEHRI .The procession of Aashura was also taken out in Khairpur
.The residents of Luqman said to the people of Khairpur to accompany them, at
this time some people said that enemy has planned every and they should also
prepare to counter, however, ignoring the facts, around 4 to 5 thousand people
of Luqman and Khairpur marched towards TEHRI, all of them unarmed except Naseem
Haider Abbas (who was martyred) had got a revolver. When the mob reached TEHRI
it was around 6 p.m. close to dusk.
On the other hand the residents of TEHRI were well armed and
hidden on Several places to attack.
The house of Mehdi Shah was in the middle of TEHRI, the lanes
were narrow, hardly 3 feet wide and due to firing and stone pelting only 150 to
200 people were able to reach his house, the rest awaited outside the city.
At the time of dusk someone said that the Army has arrived and
hearing. This the people who went there without planning and leadership left
for Khairpur.After the departure of these people, the Wahabies of TEHRI
encircled the Imambargah (place of congregation) of Mehdi Shah and in a Brutal
way, following the tradition of their ancestors, killed the Shias ruthlessly
with the help of rifles, axes, knives and stone pelting. Further they put fire
to the fire Shamiana(shade)which fell on the injured people.Even cattles were
herded on the dead and injured to inflict further pain.
It was now midnight when to assure that every one is dead, the
Wahabies of TEHRI,took empty water buckets and shouted the slogan of 'Ya
Hussain' walked in groups among the injured and deads asking if someone needs
water,and on request the person was slaughtered ruthlessly,even to be certain
the dead were slaughtered later on.(It must be noted that most of the people
who slaghtered Momineen were the Hafiz-e-Quran,students of Wahabi madrassa ).In
this way ,the Momineen laid their lives but did not ask for help to any one but
died following the tradition of Hazrat Imam Hussain (A.S.)
Now almost all of the Momineen in TEHRI were martyred, but the
tyranny of Wahabies was not over, to hide their heinous crime they collected
all the dead bodies and put them in an empty well and planned to burn them
after putting kerosene oil. However, the police arrived and took the dead
bodies into custody. Another reason for the failure in the burning of deads was
that The Assistant Director Information of that time Mr.Ishtiaq Azher and the
reporter of APP Mr. Ali Akbar Zaidi had already released the news of the death
of more then 100 people to the local and international media.
Later the dead bodies were shifted to the Civil Hospital Khairpur from
TEHRI and kept in hospital's compound. Among them there was a body of a Wahabi,
which was stinking. The doctors kept his body separately. The relatives of took
their bodies after identification to their houses without post-mortem. Next day
the burial of Shohada was started, which took place on several places.
However, on the advice of the leader of the congregational prayer of the
Central Mosque of Mohalla Luqman, Molana Safdar Hussain, the Shohada of Luqman
were buried at onplace which was named Gunj-e-Shahedan (the adobe of the
It must be noted that when next day when the bodies were carried
for burial Almost 22 to 23 hours has been passed, the weather was extremely hot
and there was a failure of electricity at several places, but despite of all
these facts The bodies of martyrs were fresh and even blood was running from several
Around 5 p.m. all dead bodies which were 32 in number were
gathered in the Central Imambargah of Luqman.Among the deads there were the
bodies of two young brothers, whose father was standing nearby, and when
someone condole him on the death of his to sons he replied with patience 'My
sons were not better then the sons of Hazrat Zainab Salam-ul-lah alleha. There
were two families in Luqmon, whose two sons were martyred in this tragedy. The
bodies were taken to the graveyard around 6 p.m. from Central Imambargah.
It should be noted that the population of Mohallah Luqman was
around 6 to 7 thousand at that time, among them around 90 percent were Shias
and 10 percent were Sunni muslim brothers who were mainly concentrated in
Kawnpur colony. After the tragedy of TEHRI, when almost from every lane one or
two person body was taken for burial, the people of Kawnpur colony became very
frightened and due to the fear of retailiation, they started migrating from
their houses. When the Shias of Luqman asked them about the reason, they
expressed their apprehension, at that moment the Shia assured them of there
Security and told them that we have grievances against the people of TEHRI Not
you and they remained there.
The people of Luqman also saw, the character of the follower of
Imam Hussain A.S., when the burial procession of 32 martyrs consisted of
thousand of people crossed Kawnpur colony, not even a single stone was pelted
neither any resident was disturbed. After observing this character, the leader
of the congregational prayer of the Kawnpur colony mosque, Mr. Siddique, who
used to recite Marsia (elegy about the tragedy of Karbala) Written by his
father on loudspeaker all night, started attending the Majalis (religious
gathering in the memory of the tragedy of Karbala) and also started reciting
his own composed Marisa's and when he died people offered his Namaz-e-Janaza
twice. Once by the Shias since he willed that he should be buried as Shia and
second by the Sunnis since they considered him the leader of the congregational