10 Dec 2012
25th Moharram: Shahadat-e-Imam Zain-ul-Abideen (AS)
Shaheed Foundation Pakistan extends heartfelt condolences to Holy Masoomeen (AS) especially Imam-e-Zamana(a.t.f.s) ,Maraj'een ,Ulema and Momineen o Mominaat on the occassion of Shahadat of fourth Imam.(AS).
Imam Ali b. al Husayn (as) Adornment of worshippers
Imam Zain ul Abideen a.s due to severe illness could not participate in fighting of Karbala & was prevented from taking part in the holy war. After the great sacrifices presented by Imam Hussain a.s, the responsibility to safeguard Hussaini mission & to spread the message of Karbala was carried forward by Imam a.s. After spending a period of about one year in imprisonment he was sent to Medina because Yazid wanted to conciliate public opinion. But for a second time, by the order of the Umayyad caliph, `Abdul-Malik, he was chained and sent from Medina to Damascus and then again returned to Medina.
Due to the worsening political situation Imam a.s, upon returning to Medina, retired from public life completely, and spent his time in worship. He was in contact only with the elite among the Shiites such as Abu Hamzah ath-Thumali, Abu Khalid Kabuli and the like. Whereas, he made Mohammad e Hanafia the in-charge of the uprising by Mukhtar e Saqafi. The elite disseminated among the Shi'ah the religious sciences they learned from the Imam. In this way Shi'ism spread considerably and showed its effects during the Imamate of the Fifth Imam. Among the works of the Fourth Imam is a book called Sahifah Sajjadiyyah. It consists of fifty-seven prayers concerning the most sublime Divine sciences and is known as "The Psalm of the Household of the Prophet."
His Sermon to Kufians:
When the Ahlul-Bayt (a.s) were brought into Kufa as captives, Imam Ali ibn al-Hussein (a.s) delivered a sermon addressing the people of Kufa. He (a.s) began by praising and glorifying Allah (SWT) and saluted the Holy Prophet (saww). Thereafter, he (a.s) said,
Ã¢â‚¬Å“O people! Whoever recognizes me knows me and whoever does not, let me tell him that I am Ali son of Hussein son of Ali bin Abi Talib. I am the son of the man whose sanctity was violated, whose wealth was plundered and whose children have been seized. I am the son of the one who was slaughtered by the Euphrates in worst manner. This suffices me to be proud.
Did you not write to my father and then deceive him? Did you not swear an oath of allegiance to him and then fought him? May you be ruined! How will you face the messenger of Allah when he tells you: You killed my progeny, violated my sanctity, so you do not belong to my nation!Ã¢â‚¬Â
The effect of this sermon was such that the people of Kufa began to cry loudly and said to each other, Ã¢â‚¬Å“You are perished yet you are not aware of it!Ã¢â‚¬Â (Karbala and Beyond)
Life in Madina:
Having being released from confinement in Damascus, Imam came to live in Madina with his family and to lead a quiet life. But the city was in revolt against the cruel regime of Yazid. Many tried to persuade the Imam to join them, but Imam knew their unreliability and he declined. So when Yazid's army invaded Madina, they left the Imam's family alone. Yet he was greatly shocked to see how for three days the invading army led by Muslim Ibn Aqaba who was charged with invading Madina, tied their horses in the Prophet's mosque, turning the sacred place into a filthy stable, killing hundreds of innocent people and playing havoc with chaste women. For three continuous days these beasts from Damascus ravaged the city and destroyed it. Imam had so much control over his emotions that he kept quiet. Sulaiman Ibn Surad al-Khuzai and Mukhtar Ibn Obaidah ath-Thaqafi avenged Imam's precious blood. Imam Ali Zainul Abedeen had compassion for them; he prayed for them and for their success and often enquired about those who were captured and executed by Yazid's cruel regime. Certainly Mukhtar relieved the Imam's wounded heart by punishing the culprits. But the Imam was so cautious that his outward appearance gave the impression that he was indifferent, so much so that the cruel Government could not implicate him of any subversion. Times were hard in Madina for the family of the Prophet.
Preachings & Supplications of Imam a.s
Imam Ali Ibne Hussain (Sajjad became his title because of his intense prostrations in prayers) lived for another 35 years after the event of Karbala. He was the Imam of the time and it was his duty to spread guidance to the people. But how he would do that when a single word in favor of the Ahlulbayt a.s would have meant certain death. No one dared to say that he followed the family of the Prophet. The Imam survived with the sheer will power and providence. He used to go to the mosque of the Prophet and some times prayed there all night.
Imam (AS) in Madina through his silent teachings left many pupils; the most prominent of them was Abu Hamza-e-Thumali, who remained to spread the teachings of Ahlulbayt in the Islamic world. Abu Mikhnuf was also one famous pupil of the Imam who later on the instructions of the fifth Imam wrote the story of Karbala in the narrative form which became the part of the Majlis all over the world.
Helping the humanity
Imam's whole life was spent in helping all the people in the city of Madina. He was seen going during the darkness of the night with a sack full of bread for the hungry people of the city. They never knew the identity of the person, who gave them food night after night, but Imam's own companions knew the fact and they passed it on to the later generation to know and to learn. It was after his death that those hungry souls came to know the identity of their benefactor.
An incident occurred that is said to have provoked the jealousy of Hisham Ibn Abdul Malik who was heir apparent to his father and arrived in Makka with great pomp and a retinue of servants. But in spite of this, he was not able to reach for the Black Stone in the Ka'aba. In pilgrims garb Hisham was unrecognizable. He sat down on a high place waiting for the crowd to move so that he could also kiss the black stone. While he was waiting he saw an old man arrive and watched the crowd give way for him. He reached the Black stone, kissed it and returned back to his place. Hisham, being the son of the caliph was astonished and enquired about the identity of the person.
Farazdaq the famous poet was standing right there. He composed a Qaseeda in praise of the Imam to introduce him to the Heir apparent of the throne. He said, "He is who that the whole Makka knows him, every stone in the Ka'aba knows him. He is the son of the grand son of Fatima and Ali and of the Holy Prophet. Hisham, in his arrogance of power, imprisoned the poet who died in prison some years later.
The Scientific Life
As for the scientific life in the time of the Ima`m, peace be on him, it was paralyzed in the full sense of the world. This is because the Umayyad government turned away from knowledge, sent far cultural awareness, and spared no effort to make the Muslims ignorant
The Umayyads firmly believed that their interests would be destroyed through knowledge and public awareness, hence they established their kingdom on ignorance. Ima`m Zayn al-'Abidin, peace be on him, realized this destructive problem, so he, peace be on him, raised the banner of knowledge and summoned the youths of the community to release themselves from the shackles of ignorance.
Ima`m Zayn al-'Abidin, peace be on him, opened brilliant horizons to knowledge which men had not recognized before. He presented the Islamic sciences such as hadith, jurisprudence, interpretation (of the Qur'a`n), theology, philosophy, etc. The biographers said: "The religious scholars narrated countless science (traditions) from 'Ali b. al-Husayn."
Martyrdom of Imam (a.s):
The calm and peaceful life of the Imam was not to be tolerated by the Ummayad's cruel regime. They realized that the Imam was succeeding in his mission of spreading the message of his father Hussain (AS). The Syrian monarch Walid Ibn Abdul Malik had him poisoned. Imam a.s was poisoned by al-Walid ibn `Abdil-Malik ibn Marwan after thirty-five years of Imamate. He died in Madina on the 25th of Muharram 95 Hijri. His eldest son Muhammad Ibn Ali al Baqir arranged the burial and laid him to rest in the grave yard of Jannatul Baqi beside his uncle Imam Hasan (AS).
We extend our heartfelt condolences to Imam-e-Zamana (AJ) and to all the ShiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢hs and followers of Ahlul-Bayt (a.s) on the martyrdom of Imam Ali ibn al-Hussein (a.s).
Few abstracts from the life of Imam (a.s)
"What is it that has afflicted you?" his family asked him.
- When Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, used to perform ritual ablutions, his skin would turn yellow.
"Don't you know Whom you are preparing to stand before?" he asked.
Your little servant is at Your courtyard; Your miserable one is at Your courtyard: Your poor one is at Your courtyard; Your beggar is at Your courtyard.
- I (i.e.Tawus) went into the hijr one night and there was Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. He had come in and was standing praying. He prayed as God had wished then he prostrated. I asked a righteous man from the family of goodness whether I might listen to his prayer I heard him saying during his prostration:
- I (i.e. Ali b. Abi Rafi'i) made the pilgrimage with Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. The camel carrying him was moving slowly. He pointed toward it with his stick and then said: "Woe if there was no retaliation (in the next world) !" And he moved his hand away from it.
A young man from Quraysh was sitting in an assembly with Sa'd b. al-Musayyib and saw Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them.
"Who is that, Abu Muhammad?" the Qurash; asked Sa'id b. al- Musayyib.
"That is the lord of worshippers (abidin), Ali b. al-Husayn b. Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be on them," he answered.
"We will do that," they replied, "we wanted you to answer him while we were speaking (together)."
- A man from his House stood in front of Ali b. al- Husayn, peace be on them, and made him listen to him and cursed him. However, he did not reply. When (the man) had gone away, he said to those who were sitting with him: "You heard what that man said? I want you to come with me so that you may hear from me my reply to him."
He took his shoes and went, while reciting:
Those who refrain from anger and those who forgive the people, God loves those who do good. (III 133)
Then we knew that he would not say anthing to him.
He went along until he came to the house of that man who had screamed at him.
"This is Ali b. al-Husayn," they told him.
He came rushing out towards us with evil intent. He had no doubt that (Ali b. al-Husayn) had come to him to repay him for some of the evil which he had given him.
"Brother," said Ali b. al-Husayn, "you were standing proudly over me and you said this and that. If you have said what is (really) in my (character), I seek God's forgiveness for it. If you have said what is not in my character, may God forgive you".
The man kissed him between the eyes and replied: "Yes, I said what was not in your character, may I be worthy of it (i.e. God's forgiveness)".
- There was in Medina such and such a family. Their provisions used to come to them without them asking for them. They did not know >From where they came to them. However, when Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, died, they stopped (receiving) those.
This is he whose ability the valley (of Mecca) recognises, and whom the (Sacred) House recognises (as do) the sanctuary and the area outside the sanctuary (al-hill).
- Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, made the pilgrimage and the people were shouting about his comely disposition and looking at him. They began to question each other: "Who is that? Who is that?" (They were doing this) in magnification of him and in exaltation of his rank. Al-Farazdaq was there and he composed the following, saying:
This is the son of the best of all God's servants. This is the pure pious man, the pure eminent man.
When he comes to touch the corner of the wall of the Ka'ba, it almost grasps the palm of his hand.
He takes care to be modest and he is protected from his terror.
He only speaks when he smiles.
None of mankind has within their souls such primacy as he does nor such grace as he does.
Whoever knows God, knows his friend (wali). Religion is from the House of this man.
When Quraysh saw him, their spokesmen told of the outstanding qualities of this man which indicate (his) nobility.