16 Oct 2012
61st Shahadat Anniversary Shaheed-e-Millat Khan Liaquat Ali Khan.
Shaheed Foundation Pakistan extends its heartfelt condolences to all Pakistanis on the eve of 61st Shahadat Anniversary of Shaheed-e-Millat Khan Liaquat Ali Khan and the first ever prime minister of Pakistan after independence who was shot martyred this day in Rawalpindi and the case was conveniently swept under the carpet ,never ever to be probed again.
October 16th, 2012 marks the 61st martydom anniversary of Nawabzada
Liaquat Ali Khan. He was born on October 1st, 1895 in a well-known
family of Karnal, Haryana. His father, Rustam Ali Khan, possessed many
honorary titles such as Ruken-ud-Daulah, Shamsher Jan, and was also the
Nawab of the city of Karnal. Liaquat Ali Khan graduated in 1918 with a
B.Sc. in Political Science from Muhammedan Anglo-Oriental College of
Aligarh (later renamed to its more popular name of Aligarh University).
He got married in the same year, and went to Exeter College, United
Kingdom to pursue higher education in Law. He subsequently graduated
with a Master's degree in Law from Oxford University's Extere College in
1921. He was called to the bar at Inner Temple in 1922, before
returning to India in 1923 to fulfull his lifelong ambition of serving
On his return from England, Liaquat Ali Khan decided
to enter politics with the aim of liberating India from British rule.
Like many Muslim leaders at that time, he was a staunch proponent of
Indian nationalism. However, with the passage of time, his views changed
and he turned down an offer to join the Indian National Congress and
instead, joined the All India Muslim League in 1923. Liaquat Ali Khan
began his parliamentary career as an independent candidate in the Uttar
Pardesh legislative assembly in 1926. He rose to prominence as a
rational, hard working, and a man of great integrity amongst Muslims. He
was part of the Muslim League delegation that went to Calcutta in 1928
to discuss the Nehru Report. In 1932, Liaquat Ali Khan was elected
Deputy President of UP Legislative Council, and he held that office
until 1940, when he was elected to the Central Legislative Assembly.
When Quaid-e-Azam returned from England to
reorganize the Muslim League in 1936, Liaquat Ali Khan was appointed as
it's Honrary General Secretary. In 1940, he became the deputy leader of
the Muslim League parliamentary party. While Quaid-e-Azam was busy with
political work, it was Liaquat Ali Khan who represented the interests of
the Muslims of India in the Constituent Assembly. He went on to become
the Convenor of the Action committee of the Muslim League, Chairman of
the Central Parliamentary Board, as well as the managing director of the
newspaper Dawn. In 1940, the Muslim League unanimously passed the
historic resolution demanding the creation of a separate Muslim state in
the sub-continent, Pakistan.
Liaquat Ali Khan attended the Shimla conference on
behalf of the Muslims in 1945-46. During general elections in 1945-46,
Liaquat Ali Khan won the Central Legislature election from the Meerat
constituency in U.P. He was Quaid-e-Azam's right-hand man in the final
stages of the Freedom movement, and he assisted the Quaid with
negotations with members of the Cabinet mission and leaders of the
Congress. After the 1946 elections, as the interim government was
formed, five leaders from the Muslim league were nominated for
representation. Liaquat Ali Khan led that group in cabinet, and was
given the ministry of Finance. The budget for 1947-48 which he presented
was acclaimed throughout the country as a `Poor Man's Budget`.
Throughout the Freedom Movement, Liaquat Ali Khan proved to be one of
Quaid's most trusted lieutenants.
Liaquat Ali Khan had the distinct honor of being the
first Prime Minister of the state of Pakistan. After the death of
Quaid-e-Azam, Liaquat Ali Khan moved to fill the void to provide
leadership that was desperately needed by the country at tht time. He
was instrumental in preparing the Objectives Resolution, which would go
on to become the foundation stone for several future constitutions of
the country. Under his leadership, a team also drafted the first report
of the Basic Principle Committee. His efforts in signing the
Liaquat-Nehru pact in 1950 regarding the minority issue helped alleviate
the tensions between India and Pakistan.
It was most unfortunate that he was not able to see
his hard work bear fruit as his life was brought to an abrupt end when
he was shot at a rally in Rawalpindi and embraced Shahadat. For his
services towards the cause of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan was awarded the
title of Shaheed-e-Millat. Appropriately, he was buried in the
courtyard of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah's tomb in Karachi.