The beginning of Islamic month of Zilqad marks the birth anniversary of
Lady Fatima Masooma (as). Lady Fatima Masuma (as), most commonly known
as Masooma-e-Qum (as), was born on the 1st of Zilqad, 174 AH in
Madina. She is also known as Kareema Ahlul Bayt (as), "the noble woman
of the Prophet (pbuh)`s household." Lady Fatima Masooma (as) is the
most beloved and the only sister of our 8th Imam, Imam Raza (as).
The mother of Lady Fatima Masuma (as) and Imam Ali Raza (as) did not
have any other children than these two. She was also known by numerous
names, the most famous of them was Najma Khatun (as).
Not long after her birth, her father was martyred in the prison of
Haroon, the Abbasid oppressor. Imam Ali Raza (as) took her guardianship
after the martyrdom of 7th Imam. Lady Fatima Masooma (as)
exceptionally loved her brother, Imam Raza (as). Her love for Imam Raza
(as) is often compared to the love Bibi Zainab (as) had for Imam
Due to her strong beliefs, integrity and schooling under the
supervision of Imamate, she reached such a high place that even the
Imam entitled her of being Masuma (infallible). This title was given to
her by her brother Imam Raza (as). The book Naasikh Al-Tawaareekh,
vol. 3, p. 68, has narrated that he said: "Whoever visits al-Masooma in
Qum, it is as if (s)he has visited me."
In Kamil al Ziyarah, it is quoted form Imam Raza (as) that "Whoever
does the ziyarat of Masooma in Qom it is as though he/she has done my
Qadi Nurullah Shushtari (d. 1109 A.H.) reports from the 6th Imam, Imam
Jafar al-Sadiq (as): "A lady from my children whose name will be
Fatima, daughter of Musa, will die in Qum. On the Day of Judgement
this lady will intercede for all my Shia to enter Heaven."
Under the guardianship of Imam Raza (as), Lady Fatima Masooma (as)
spent a sinless life following the teachings of Quran. She`s a complete
role model and her life shows how one can submit to God`s will and
complete obedience to the Imam of their time. In her entire voyage from
Medina to Qum, she spoke against oppression and assisted the
subjugated people, teaching Muslims another great lesson of humanity.
She also described the customs from the Prophet (pbuh) and his Ahlul
Bayt (as) (as). From among them, she has related from Lady Fatima Zahra
who has related from her father, the Messenger of God: "Know that
whoever dies with the love of Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad
dies a martyr."
Qum has always played a noteworthy role throughout the history of
Islam, especially as a city of the followers of Ahlul Bayt (as). After
the city of knowledge, Najaf al Ashraf, the supreme place and learning
institute of the Shia world is in Qom because of this blessed Lady
Fatimah Masooma (as). Her holy shrine is surrounded by institutes with
more than twenty thousand students along with the most learned scholars
study, teach and conduct researches. Most of the Shia world`s leading
researchers have studied in Qum at one time or another. The top Shia
clerics and scholars spend their whole lives and continue to do so.
This city is comprised of several libraries and learning institutes
within its district. Affaan Al-Basri stated that Imam Sadiq asked me,
"Do you know why Qum has been named Qum?" I said, "God, His Messenger,
and you know better." The Imam replied, "Qum has been named Qum
because its people will join the one who will rise (Al-Qaim) from the
Household of Muhammad, they will stand (Yaqoomoona) with him, they will
stay loyal to him (Yastaqeemoona), and assist him." (Bihar Al-Anwar,
vol. 60, p. 216)
In another tradition from the same book, vol. 60, p. 213, it is stated
from Imam Sadiq: "Soon Kufa will become empty of the believers, and
knowledge will leave it like a snake leaves its hole. Then knowledge
will appear in a land called Qum. It will become the center of
knowledge and virtue so that there will not remain an unaware person in
his religion, not even the woman who stays at home. This will happen
close to the time of the reappearance of our Qaim (Imam Mahdi (as))."
Shaheed Foundation Pakistan congratulates all the Masoomeen (as),
especially Imam Raza (as), on this delightful occasion of Wiladat of
Lady Fatima Masooma (as). May Allah gives us an opportunity to visit
the shrine of Bibi Masooma in Qum, make us enter paradise with the
companions of Ahlul Bayt (as), and add our names in the army of our
Imam-e-Qaim (as), Ameen!