Ninth anniversary of martyrdom of Ayatollah Baqir al Hakim is being observed with reverence today.
Ayatollah Syed Muhammad Baqir Al-Hakim was born in 1939 A.D,-1358 A.H.
in the holy city of Najaf in Iraq, which embraces the biggest
theological university for the Shi'ite Muslims in the world. He is the
son of Grand Ayatollah imam Syed Muhsin Al-Hakim, who assumed the
general religious leadership (marja'a taqlid) of Shi'ites all over the
world for approximately twenty years.
On Friday, Aug 29th, 2003,
Ayatollah Muhammad Baqir Al Hakim was assassinated tragically in Najaf
immediately after Friday prayer on Imam Ali (AS) Holly Shrine, after
almost three months and a half from his return to Iraq from his exile.
He returned on May 10th, 2003. Martyr Al Hakim (Shaheed Al Mehrab) has
granted his life to the future of Iraq and for the freedom, justice and
independence of Iraq. Since then, his brother Sayyed Abdul Aziz Mohsen
Mahdi Al Hakim has succeeded him as the leader of ISCI.
Al-Hakim family is one of the oldest clerical families in Iraq. The
family's ancestors settled in Iraq in the second Hijri century and
spread out to other parts of the world. Syed Muhammad Baqir's household
has been one of the most famous clerical households in modern day Iraq,
particularly in the second half of the twentieth century. During the
years of Syed Muhsin Al-Hakim's assumption of the position of marja'a
taqlid, the family gained the respect and love of tens of millions of
Shi'ites in Iraq and abroad.
Syed Al-Hakim got involved in
politics at an early stage of his life, when he participated with other
‘ulama, such as the Grand Ayatollah martyr Syed Muhammad Baqir Al-Sadr
and Martyr Syed Muhammad Mahdi Al-Hakim, in planting the seeds of the
current Islamic renaissance in Iraq.
In the late 1950s, Syed
Al-Hakim and a group of other Islamic scholars, including his brother
martyr Muhammad Mahdi, martyr Muhammad Baqir Al-Sader and Syed Murtaza
Al-‘Askari, took part in founding the Iraqi Islamic organization which
came to be known as "The Islamic Da'awah Party."
objective reasons, Syed Al-Hakim decided to quit the formula of
political party work in 1960, two years after the foundation of this
party. But Syed Al-Hakim continued to maintain relations with the
Islamic movement, providing its members with educational instruction,
guidance and support during his father's religious leadership and during
martyr Al-Sadr's leadership of the Islamic movement.
last years of his father's life, he apparently assumed responsibility
for conducting the confrontation between the religious leadership and
the regime of Iraqi president Ahmad Hassan Al-Bakr. He continued in this
role until the death of Imam Al-Hakim in 1970.
martyr Al-Sadr's two major and illustrious works, Our Philosophy and Our
Economy, which gained Al-Sadr a reputation for being an Islamic
intellectual and philosopher of the first order. Martyr Al-Sadr was so
pleased with Syed Al-Hakim's work on reviewing these two books that he
praised him in the introduction of Our Economy as "my arm for whose sake
I would sacrifice my life" (‘adudi al-mufadda).
Courtesy :shiitenews brothers.